It is estimated that, by2030, the region will have a noticeable increase in the number of days with temperatures above 40°C. Cold days almost disappear. Additionally IPMA launched OBSERVAR - a platform of voluntary cooperation where private individuals can associate their own meteorological stations and report the occurrence of severe weather events. Under the high-end scenario of climate change, the yearly average number of heat waves increases by seven to ninefold by 2100 near the Spanish border and the most frequent length rises from 5 to 22 days throughout the twenty-first century. Pour y parvenir, nous avons amélioré l’efficacité énergétique sur toutes nos installations (bâtiments, équipement, etc.) L'impact du réchauffement climatique sur la péninsule ibérique est indéniable. These indicators are based on the monitoring framework and respective targets of the financial mechanisms that support the Lines of Action of the NAP. The following European adaptation projects are presently being implemented with Portuguese partners: The research on adaptation was also focused within FP7 project CIRCLE-2, a European network of 34 institutions from 23 committed countries to fund research and share knowledge on climate adaptation and the promotion of long-term cooperation among national and regional climatic change programs. The previous NAS was adopted in 2010 and had as one of the main outcomes a progress report that highlighted the work performed by the different sectoral groups and coordination, identifying main vulnerabilities and proposals of adaptation measures in most cases. Three main goals guide the NAS: It is worth noting the three relevant strategic instruments contributing to each of these objectives. 7585 - 2610-124 Amadora, Portugal, Tel. As for biodiversity, the Sectoral Adaptation Strategy’s orientations have been integrated in biodiversity and nature conservation policies and other policy documents. the identification of gaps in the impacts, measures and policy instruments. Cold wave duration index Sur la côte occidentale du Portugal, l’Estrémadure, avec ses collines et ses petits massifs, assure la transition avec les paysages du Sud, aux reliefs plus bas. The last 30 years have been particularly dry in mainland Portugal. In the highlands there are over 200 days with precipitation per year, 70 of which have high values of precipitation (more than 10 mm). One of its ongoing tasks is the execution of the project LIFESHARA (LIFE15 GIC/ES/000033 - Sharing Awareness and Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change in Spain) that has one action focusing on the establishment of a cooperation framework between the units of adaptation to climate change in Spain and Portugal in order to identify risks, vulnerabilities, priorities and common actions. Azores strategy addresses climate change as a whole, integrating both adaptation and mitigation. This action plan includes a specific measure on "climate change management in tourism", where it promotes the assessment of impacts and vulnerabilities and identification of adaptation and mitigation measures. The precipitation regime seems to become more homogenous over the Portuguese southern territory (2). The project Clima@EduMedia seek innovative approaches for teaching and learning content related to climate change in the areas of mitigation and adaptation. The archipelago of Madeira is located in the North Atlantic, 1,300 km from the Azores and 900 km from the European continent. At transnational level is worth noting the Transnational Operational Programme for Madeira-Azores-Canary Islands. L’OCDE répond au défi de l’adaptation au changement climatique en aidant les gouvernements à planifier et à mettre en œuvre des politiques d’adaptation efficaces, efficientes et équitables. The information contained in Madeira's Regional Adaptation Strategy such as climate projections and sector vulnerabilities can be easily accessed on a dedicated website. Transboundary cooperation is addressed within the thematic area international cooperation. The Municipal and Intermunicipal Adaptation Strategies and Plans are also important mainly because of two aspects. Lutter contre le changement climatique Pendant plus de 20 ans, nous avons pris des mesures pour réduire les émissions de CO 2 émissions liées à notre activité industrielle. Many different definitions are being used, that may lead to different conclusions. From July to December 2009, the Play to Stop – Europe for climate campaign will encourage young people from around Europe to get more involved in fighting global warming. Du Portugal au Groënland, les incendies ravageurs se multiplient. A significant reduction (about 30%) in annual precipitation is projected for Madeira for the period 2070-2099 relative to the baseline period of 1961-1990 (1). These changes may have dramatic impacts on a very wide spectrum and vital sectors of Portuguese economy, like agriculture, forestry, water supply and energy production. Additionally, the Regional Programmes for Forest Planning, currently being elaborated, will integrate climate scenarios and will reflect the implications of climate change. Warming is highest for the summer: +0.2 - 0.4°C per decade along the Northwestern- and Southwestern coast, and +0.4 - 0.5°C per decade along the Southern coast (12). Selon différentes études, d'ici la fin du siècle, la proportion de journées chaudes devrait augmenter jusqu'à 50 %, en particulier à l'intérieur des terres et à l'est du pays, et à court terme, le niveau moyen de la mer augmentera entre 17 et 25 centimètres. Le Portugal est le deuxième pays européen dans un classement sur les objectifs et mesures à accomplir dans le cadre de l'Accord de Paris sur le changement climatique, derrière la Suède, selon une étude publiée le 18 juin. Après un été caniculaire, la France connait un hiver exceptionnel avec des températures anormalement élevées. Changement climatique : des jeunes saisissent la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme Par Maxime Biosse Duplan • Dernière MAJ: 04/09/2020 euronews_icons_loading In this project several training events for local officers led to the development of 27 Local Adaptation Strategies. The operationalization of the NAS is essentially based on the Biennial Implementation Plans which aggregate the planned actions of the NAS thematic areas and sectoral WG. Nous relèverons les défis du changement climatique. During the transition seasons Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November) the amount of precipitation is highly variable (1,9). The evolution of the energy supply sector, although triggered mainly by concerns about security of supply and mitigation of climate change, is convergent and consistent with the adaptation objectives. structuring and supporting cross-cutting actions. Plutôt que de "réchauffement climatique", il faudrait parler de dérèglement climatique. The energy sector also relies on the report produced within the previous NAS in spite of the initiatives to reassess the work developed. In spring, statistically significant drying trends were found in the period 1941-2007 at 57 meteorological stations scattered across Portugal together with a reduction in extremes (9). The SIAM (Climate change in Portugal. Recent climate change has exacerbated this event making it at least 1°C warmer than similar events since 1950 (16). Changement climatique Impact sur l’agriculture et coûts de l’adaptation Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires IFPRI Washington, D.C. Actualisé en Octobre 2009 Gerald C. Nelson, Mark W. Rosegrant Some adjustments were made on the list of adaptation measures and the indicators to monitor the implementation of measures were reviewed. Regarding the health sector there are several public health programmes contributing to adaptation, namely Contingency Plans for Adverse Extreme Temperatures, Contingency Plans of Seasonal Health, and the Vector-borne Diseases Prevention Programme. The climatic conditions are moderate, both during the winter and the summer, except in the highlands where there are lower temperatures. Likewise, a cold spell is defined as the period of, at least, three consecutive days in which the minimum temperature during a day is equal or below a certain threshold temperature, where this threshold is defined as the 10 % lowest day temperatures during the 31 days around a certain day over the period 1986-2005. Additionally, the Portuguese Environment Agency keeps the records of the historical marks of floods and of its network of meteorological and hydrological monitoring stations, this data is available on SNIRH - National System of Information on Water Resources. Réchauffement climatique VS changement climatique L’accumulation, sans cesse croissante depuis plus de 100 ans, de gaz à effet de serre dans l’atmosphère piège la chaleur à la surface de la Terre : cet effet de serre entraîne un réchauffement planétaire. Another initiative held within this project with clear benefits on public awareness was the workshop for journalists about climate change. Also, extreme precipitation variability and climate uncertainty seem to have increased in recent times (3). This process also assured the articulation with the NAS sectors on the identification of needs and knowledge gaps. Besides, rain intensity (extreme precipitation volumes) will be much higher than the present climate (10). et avons augmenté le recours aux énergies renouvelables dès que cela était possible. These actions aim to respond the main impacts and vulnerabilities of the national territory. Education on climate change has also been focused in some projects and initiatives. L'adaptation au changement climatique, le temps est venu de passer à l'action - Duration: 5:42. Cet hiver 2019/2020 pourrait être le plus chaud jamais enregistré en France ! A reduction in rainfall is projected particularly in the spring and autumn (1,7,11). identification of best practices to address these gaps. Relative to the reference for 1986-2005, the number of heat waves is projected to increase between 2 and 4 fold. The sector coastal areas has approved in 2017 the Action Plan Coastline XXI which considers the global processes in place due to climate change and prioritizes the actions for each part of the coastline. Le changement climatique nuit à nos communautés, et les plus pauvres sont les premiers à subir les conséquences les plus lourdes des catastrophes environnementales. IPMA has the responsibility for deployment, exploration and maintenance of the country network of meteorological stations; it is also responsible for archive and quality control of weather observations. The references below are cited in full in a separate map 'References'. Under the guidance of Global Framework, IPMA already established protocols and data exchange between meteorological services and other organizations, in addition to product development and service delivery, driven by a desire to improve access and benefit of the users of climate information. The agriculture sector has stablished a framework on adaptive management by preparing the Programme AGRI_ADAPT 2020 covering: Additionally, studies were promoted leading to the publication of "Guidelines for the sustainable management of soil (agricultural and forestry)" (2018). On the forests sector 2 strategic instruments cover adaptation, by including specific objectives and corresponding measures, these are the National Strategy for Forests (2015) and the National Strategy for Nature Conservation and Biodiversity (2018). It is within this thematic area that activities such as reporting to the UNFCCC and to the European Commission are held. The most determining factor that influences the weather conditions is the Azores anticyclone. Given the altitudinal temperature variation, the climate is rainy and cool in high altitude regions. Le réchauffement climatique mondial de ces 50 dernières années est probablement dû à plus de 95% à l’activité humaine. Entre 2030 et 2050, on s'attend à 300 000 décès supplémentaires par an dus au climat. Changement climatique Le monde est en situation de déséquilibre. On the action plan the strategic domains of development were identified including actions and projects with expected effects in the context of climate change.
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